Website Fundamentals

Looking to setup a new website but don’t know how to do so? Well do I have the guide for you! This guide will inform you the website fundamentals and how most websites operate.

·         How traffic is directed to a website

·         Domain names

·         How to get hosting for your site

·         Link structure of a website

#1 website fundamentals: domain name and hosting

Domain name

Domain names act as an address for your website and allow users to easily find your page, without it, accessing websites such as Facebook or Yahoo would be a royal pain as you either have to type out the entire IP address or find a link to the page they would like to access.

Having a good domain name is the first part of the equation to getting users to easily visit your site, a good domain name should be short (sites such as Google and Yahoo are examples of this), should describe your website well (ambiguous titles may mislead users).


A website needs to be hosted by someone for it to be available on the internet. Thus hosting is a very important aspect of your website as it determines if users would even be able to access it. Good hosting services should provide a simple interface for you to edit your site using software such as Microsoft SharePoint and be reliable enough to have your website operate 24/7 without any disruptions. All you have to do to get hosting is to sign up for an account on the Host’s website and select a hosting plan. These plans are often inexpensive and provide enough space for all your files

Other website fundamentals


Traffic can be directed to a website in three ways with the most common being the domain name of the site and links from other sources to the site. Users can also access the website by its IP (Internet Protocol) address but few people bother with this method as domain names are simpler to remember.

Thus, the bulk of your traffic would come from direct access through your domain name or indirect access through links on other sites.  Users may often forget to bookmark your page or rely on external sources to access your page (a shared link on Facebook messages is a good example, you can access it anytime and it’s recorded by Facebook) while most would had bookmarked your page or added it to favourites after visiting it for the first time. 

Link structure of a website

The most basic of websites consist of pages for users to visit. An index page is often used as the landing page of a website; it then displays links to other pages within the site or outside the site. The links may also link to one another and bring users over all the pages easily so that users of your page have a very smooth experience when using your site.

With this information you can start building your websites in software such as Microsoft SharePoint and export to the host’s servers easily! 

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